Academic Writing/ 2017

Online resources

BBC Learning English, British Council Learn English, Learn English Today

Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, Cambridge Dictionary: Grammar
Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster Dictionary
The Phrase Finder, Online Etymology Dictionary
William Strunk Jr., The Elements of Style (1918, online version 1999)

Academic Phrasebank (Univ. Manchester), UEfAP (Using English for Academic Purposes), Academic Writing in English (Finnish Virtual University)

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL), in particular Academic Writing

Word and, Academic Vocabulary
Corpus Concordance English, British National Corpus, Corpus of Contemporary American English, British Academic English Corpus
Explorations of Style
(Rachael Cayley blog), Writing for Research (blog)
The Electric Typewriter
The Fleet Sheet

21 February
Grammar and vocabulary
Phrasal verb meanings    
Merriam-Webster thesaurus

28 February

Topic sentences (Finnish Virtual University), On paragraphs (OWL)
Writing essays (UEfAP)
Essay writing (OWL), Establishing arguments (OWL)
Structuring and writing academic papers (, Structuring an academic ‘argument’ within a journal paper (Univ. S. Australia),
APA style guide (OWL)

Grammar and vocabulary
determiners a/n, the
effectiveness (now creeping into use is the synonymous effectivity), efficiency, efficacy.
effective - adequate to accomplish a purpose; producing the intended or expected result.
efficient - performing or functioning in the best possible manner with the least waste of time and effort
digitization and digitalization

7 March
Research and citation (OWL), BibMe Citation Guide
Nominalization (OWL), Nominal groups and nominalisation (UEfAP), Richard Nordquist, Nominalization (ThoughtCo.)
Actions (Lesson 3 from J. Williams, Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace)

Grammar and vocabulary
First, secondly, … First, second,… (Fowler’s Modern English Usage)
specially or especially
Robophobia(?), robophobia (Urban Dictionary)

14 March
Grammar and vocabulary
The Punctuation Guide
Punctuation, Six punctuation marks (Oxford Dictionaries), Hyphens-dashes-brackets (James Cook Univ.)
Style Guide (Univ. Oxford). Punctuation rules and exercises (Wallwark)
that/which, if/whether, as/because/since

21 March/ 4 April
Quotation, paraphrase and summary (OWL)

Grammar and vocabulary
havoc (etymology)

11 April
Subjects and actions (Duke Univ.), Cohesion, coherence and emphasis (Duke Univ.), dangling modifiers
Coherence: transitions between ideas (Guide to Grammar and Writing),
parallelism, parallelism exercise;  sentence completion exercise, editing exercise: faulty parallelism (Richard Nordquist)
Strong body paragraphs (Washington Univ.)
Argumentative essays (OWL), Sample essay 1 and sample essay 2 (Massey Univ.)

18 April
Using cautious language (Academic Phrasebank), Joseph M. Williams, Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace – Passive, characters and metadiscourse (Lesson 4), Metadiscourse (Lesson 7: Concision)
hedging, exercises (ueafp), hedging (tefltastic)

Grammar and vocabulary
likelihood/ likeliness, perceptible (capable of being perceived by the mind or senses)/ perceivable (capable of being perceived esp. by sight or hearing)
may/might, may or might
put a brake on
buck the trend
such as/like

25 April
Writing conclusions (J. Morley, Academic Phrasebank), ending the essay (Harvard College)
Introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions for an argument paper (OWL Purdue)

Grammar and vocabulary
capitalization after colons

2 May
thesaurus (Merriam-Webster), thesaurus (Oxford, select Thesaurus in drop-down menu.)
Grammar and vocabulary
alter, change

9 May
introductions, thesis introductions (explorations of style - Rachael Cayley), introductions (Purdue OWL)
literature reviews (Purdue OWL)
Booth, Colomb, and Williams, The Craft of Research, 2nd ed.
John Swales, Creating a research space (CARS) model of research introductions,
The CARS model (USCLibraries writing guide – flaws to avoid): background information, the research problem/question, theoretical framework
reverse outlines (explorations of style)
Grammar and vocabulary

16 May
Grammar and vocabulary
taste etc. good/well (BBC)
find out
there is/are a number of